Recently, natural hazards have occurred frequently due to climate change. The research need for predicting variability and tendency of precipitation and temperature has been increased. However, it is difficult to determine the characteristics of precipitation and temperature within a confidence range since they change due to complex factors with choppy and too many components. If their characteristics having more than one component are decomposed, then it can be useful for determining the variation of such characteristics more accurately. In this study, Korean precipitation and temperature were decomposed and their Intrinsic Mode Function (IMF) were extracted from Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD). Finally, the characteristics of Korean precipitation and temperature data were analyzed in terms of periodicity and tendency.